Below is all the important information about India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan). So have a look at it and proud to be an Indian.
- The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called as Mangalyaan (Mangalyan is an unofficial name)
- This program is run by ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization)
- Manufactured by Indian Space Research Organisation Satellite Centre (ISAC)
- Launched into Earth orbit on 5th November 2013.
- It was launched from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
- This project is aimed as a “technology demonstrator”. It will showcase and prove the capability for interplanetary missions
- The launch was made using PSLV-XL C25 rocket
- The orbiter will have a life of 6 to 10 months in the orbit
- While orbiting Mars the orbiter will study surface features, minerals and atmosphere on Mars
- There are 5 main instruments on the orbiter:
a. Lyman-Alpha Photometer (LAP)
b. Methane Sensor For Mars (MSM)
c. Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA)
d. Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS)
e. Mars Colour Camera (MCC)
- It was successfully inserted into orbit of Mars on 24 September 2014.
- India the first Asian nation to reach Mars orbit.
- The Mars Orbiter Mission was achieved on a budget of $74 million, nearly a tenth of the amount the US space agency NASA spent on sending the Maven spacecraft to Mars.
Team Members Worked on Mars Mission(Mangalyaan)
- K Radhakrishnan Chairman of ISRO, secretary in department of space. Responsible for leading the mission and overall activities of Isro.
- M Annadurai Programme director, Mars Orbiter Mission Responsible for budget management, direction for spacecraft configuration, schedule and resources.
- S Ramakrishnan Director of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre and Member Launch Authorisation Board. Responsible for realising the rocket (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) that would ferry the Mars orbiter.
- SK Shivakumar Director, Isro Satellite Centre. Responsible for developing satellite technology and implementing satellite systems for scientific, technological and application missions.
- P Kunhikrishnan Project director, PSLV programme; ninth time as mission director. Responsible for seeing the rocket completes its mission successfully and that the satellite is correctly injected in the designated orbit.
- Chandradathan Director, Liquid Propulsion system. Made rich contribution to the realisation of solid motors for sounding rockets.
- AS Kiran Kumar Director, Satellite Application Centre Responsible for designing and building three of the orbiter payloads – Mars Colour Camera, Methane Sensor and Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer.
- MYS Prasad Director, Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Chairman, Launch Authorisation Board Responsible for range safety and schedules, overall incharge at rocket port.
- S Arunan Project director, Mars Orbiter Mission. Responsible for leading a team to build the spacecraft.
- B Jayakumar Associate project director, PSLV project Responsible for the rocket systems, testing till the final lift-off.
- MS Pannirselvam Chief general manager, range operation director at Sriharikota Rocket port. Responsible for maintaining launch schedules without any slippages.
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